These five steps are classifications of societies that show the natural progression they go through to reach modernization. If they just apply the laws of modernization, the tenets of modernization, they will take off in the economic society. Modernization and dependency theories are two attempts to explain the current state of underdevelopment in the world today. Dependency theory and modernization theory dependency theory is a mixture of various theories, including world systems theory, historical structure theory, and neomarxist theory. By diminishing the level of poverty in countries such as haiti, it is possible to make. First, the dependency theory is a characterization of the international system as comprising of a dominant and a dependent state, where the dominant states are the industrialized nations belonging to the oecd organization for economic cooperation and development, and the dependent states are the states of latin america, africa, and asia. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
While modernization theorists argue that capitalism is a rewards system and that inequalities have to be tolerated as a result of innovation, dependency theorists argue that capitalism does not develop evenly and is concentrated in core areas and that the development of core countries is linked to the underdevelopment of peripheral countries. Modernization theory is the process of transforming from a traditional or underdeveloped society to a modern western societies way of life. The dependency theory is expanded from the theory of uses and gratification. Dependency theory is a kind of developmental theory, which is a major critique of modernisation theory. Does worldsystems theory and dependency theory offer answers, or are more nuanced. It then attempts to determine which theory explains what is going wrong in developing countries. The theory gained support in the 1970s following the dominance of modernization theory in the two decades previous and was largely studied by academics from developing nations, emerging first in latinamerica. Aug 31, 2015 modernization theory and dependency theory are two development theories between which some difference can be identified. Dependency theory has been criticised because it overemphasised the barriers for development in developing countries. Modernization theory vs dependency theory the path to modernization is one never clearly defined. The structural explanation for global stratification is called dependency theory.
The dependency theory claims that this is how underdevelopment was created and is. Modernization theory the third world countries have experienced massive variation in the economic development since after the end of second world war. Modernization theory vs dependency theory 1227 words 5 pages. Dependency theorists sharply critique the modernisation school. Modernization versus dependency in the context of colonial bengal. I dont know when this theory was founded, but from my internet research ive got to know that it was the age of enlightenment when the fundamentals of this concept raised by a few philosophers who started to think about how their society transformed, and how they changed and progressed. The people who follow this are considered dependency theorist. Dependency theory and chinese special economic zones in africa 93 honita. Modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among socialist and freemarket ideologies, worldsystems theorists, globalization theorists and dependency theorists among others. The international dependency theory is a theory of development economics which states that economic relations between wealthy and poor nations are strictly detrimental to the lessdeveloped nations. A common term used in the news and social media today is the developing world. Conversations on dependency theory institute for new economic. Comparison of dependency theory with modernization theory.
Modernization theory economic development human progress leads to greater political participation democracy. The development of countries is vulnerable to the impact of multiple factors. How to compare and contrast the modernization theory and the. If i got it right, these two are not exactly contrasting or contradictory.
Essay on dependency theory vs modernization theory. Fostercarter argues that this disguises the similarities that exist between ldcs and the west. The theory is not homogeneousnumerous proponents disagreed on several key features. When it comes to a solution to the problem, it is right to say that the contexts of countries are different and the solutions for their economic and development problems should be different.
The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that, with assistance, traditional countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have. In international political economy, there are competing theoretical perspectives regarding the question of global inequalities and the northsouth divide. Pdf compare and contrast dependency and modernisation. Modernization consists of a gradual differentiation and specialization of social structures. Jul 08, 2017 modernization, modernization theory a term and approach that came into widespread use in the early 1960s, as a consequence of the efforts by a group of development specialists in the united states to develop an alternative to the marxist account of social development. The more things change, the more they stay the same 79 ian taylor 11. Modernization theory is a grand theory encompassing many different disciplines as it seeks to explain how society progresses, what variables affect that progress, and how societies can react to that progress. Modernization and dependency theory nowadays the rapid development of the word and the growing integration of countries can hardly fail to affect the development of new theories which attempt to explain the relationship between countries and the existing inequality between developed countries and countries of the third world. Modernization theory and the comparative study of societies.
Modernization and dependency theory essay example graduateway. Both have their own sets of costs and benefits as well as they do policy approaches. Displaying theories of modernization and dependency powerpoint presentations unit six. The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast the modernization and dependency theories. Modernization or dependency 72 95 modernization theory and underdevelopment dependency theory and underdevelopment dependency in a specific historical context. Modernization theory and dependency theory are two development theories between which some difference can be identified. Andres gunderfrank fernando henrique cardoso raul prebisch. The basic assumption of this theory, in any of its versions, is that there is one gen. The basic assumption of this phase was that people could change. This term is used to indicate countries that are less economically developed than the united. I highlighted what i think are key points modernization theory is used to explain the p. So division of social science, hong kong university of science and technology, clear water bay, hong kong keywords. Nowadays, the modernization theory studies how new innovations and technologies are resulting in a homogenized world. In such a way, the dependency theory is externallyoriented, whereas the modernization theory is internallyoriented.
But before we go further, we must compare the two in attempt to see if either would compromise our governments mandate. Dependency theory was created as a way to criticize and respond to modernization theory. Ldc policy modernization theory and dependency theory. I pulled out the below from wiki, to show briefly, what these two essentially say. Dependency theory wikimili, the best wikipedia reader. Modernization theory is also a development theory that emerged before the dependency theory. Modernization theory vs dependency theory while many theorists have numerous explanations towards underdevelopment, experts like david brooks and peter hallward have described the natural disaster in haiti to be brutally destructive primarily due to its poverty. There are two levels of analysis in classical modernization theory.
The earliest formulation of dependency theory came up alongside modernisation theory. In this sense, the dependency theory can be viewed as a reaction to modernization theory. This was a problem of modernization theory, which has been harshly criticized by dependency theorists, and certainly one could view. Postwarboom ushegemony growththeory, modernization structural functionalism decolonization thirdworld neomarxism dependency nationalism, nam,g77 1980s globalization neoliberalism, structuraladjustment financeand monetarism corporatecapital 1990s riseofasia,big capabilities, humandevelopment emerging developmental economies,bric state. How to compare and contrast the modernization theory and. Modernization theory studies the process of social evolution and the development of. Dependency theory highlights that due to colonial and postcolonial endeavors the countries at the periphery are constantly exploited by those at the core. Modernization and dependency theory 1563 words 7 pages. Modernization theory stresses not only the process of change but also the responses to that change. Dependency theory is alive in different guises 86 matias vernengo 12. Essay on dependency theory vs modernization theory 8. First of all, it should be said that dependency theory was developed in response to modernization theory out of sheer criticism of the latter theory by the supporters of dependency theory. These are the sources and citations used to research modernisation vs dependency theory.
While the explanations of underdevelopment differed, experts such as brooks and hallward viewed the natural disaster in haiti to be so destructive mainly due to its poverty. Documents in econstor may be saved and copied for your personal. Dependency theory is the notion that resources flow from a periphery of poor and underdeveloped states to a core of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former. Not surprisingly, this theorys views sharply challenge modernization theorys assumptions packenham, 1992. Two conflicting theories have guided social scientists in the 20th century in answering the question. Basically, modernization theory became the foundation stone of this evolutionary prescription for development. How does the modernization theory and dependency theory. Dependency theory a new group of theorists challenged the logic and claims of modernization theory, drawing especially on the.
The marxist theory of imperialism explains dominant state expansion while the dependency theory explains underdevelopment. Media dependency theory is one of the theories, first of its kind which regards audience as an active part in communication process. Difference between modernization theory and dependency theory. The political economy of africa and dependency theory. The frankian model of dependency dependency theory. The political economy of africa and dependency theory 67 patrick bond 9. Modernization and dependency theory tutorial sophia learning. The dependency and worldsystems perspectives on development alvin y. Nov 23, 2016 in international political economy, there are competing theoretical perspectives regarding the question of global inequalities and the northsouth divide. It is a central contention of dependency theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way p. One of these competing theoretical perspectives is dependency theory, which emerged in the 1950s in response to modernization theory matunhu 2011, p.
In contrast, dependency theory maintains that capitalistic practices have actively. The basic assumption of this theory, in any of its versions, is that there is one general end page 157 process of which democratization is but the final stage. Seeing the state of development or underdevelopment in latin america 1 and africa 2, i argue that dependency is created by a dominant country on these so called underdeveloped countries by creating a. Apr 17, 20 modernization theory is a theory used to explain the process of modernization within societies. This bibliography was generated on cite this for me on monday, april 24, 2017. It is a central contention of dependency theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the world system. Nov 01, 2016 if i got it right, these two are not exactly contrasting or contradictory. Modernization theory describes the transformative processes of societies from underdevelopment to modern societies. Naturally, this fact determined the principal difference between these theories, but, nevertheless, there are still certain similarities between. For example, modernisation theory sees ldcs as backward societies that need our help to develop, whilst dependency theory sees us as exploiting them for cheap labour and raw materials. Modernization and its discontents 1 the crisis in modernization theory 5 towards a sociology of knowledge 11 2. Development, dependency, modernization, social change, gunder frank, the third world, developing countries, capitalism, imperialism, worldsystems. Modernization versus dependency in the context of colonial. Theories of modernization and dependency ppt xpowerpoint.
The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that, with assistance, traditional countries can be brought to development in the. Modernization theory focuses specifically on a type of modernization thought to. Difference between modernization theory and dependency. In this regard, it is possible to distinguish the modernization and dependency theories.
Pdf compare and contrast dependency and modernisation theories. In this video, i look at some of the causes of global economic inequality. Stated another way, marxist theories explain the reasons why imperialism occurs, while dependency theories explain the consequences of imperialism. The proponents of modernization theory claimed that underdeveloped countries were held back by certain cultural characteristics, or their lack of adherence to. Dependency theory originates with two papers published in 1949 one by hans singer, one by raul prebisch in which the authors observe that the terms of trade for underdeveloped countries relative to the developed countries had deteriorated over time. In this respect, it is possible to refer to modernization theory.
The dependency theory was not solely against the american modernization programs, but it was also echo to the failure of orthodox marxism in latin america. In such a way, unlike modernization theory, dependency theory does not view the choice in favor of western way of development as the panacea from all problems or as a conscious choice that is really supported by the population and elite of developing countries but such westernization of developing countries is viewed as a violent interference. Dependency theory vs modernization theory essay 22 words. Modernization theory maintains that there is a traditional element of society that prevents development, and that a relationship to the developed world is necessary for development. The dependency theory is an important tool for understanding latin americas relative underdevelopment.
Includes bibliographical references pages 5145 and index rereading modernization and dependency theory tradition and gender in modernization theory from modernization theory to the soft state in africa gender and the world bank. At the same time, the development of different countries has multiple theoretical explanations. But dependency theory, then in contrast, comes along about the same time. Nov 12, 2019 dependency theory a new group of theorists challenged the logic and claims of modernization theory, drawing especially on the experience of latin america. According to their point of view these latin american countries should have to go through bourgeois stage of industrial revolution. To put it more precisely, the modernization theory holds the premise that countries have different level of development but less developed countries can improve their position through modernization. Modernization and dependency theory essay writing blog. The proponents of modernization theory claimed that. Worldsystems theory, dependency theory and global inequality.
Within this tradition of thought, evolutionary theory and twentieth. Modernization theory explains the processes involved in. Modernization and dependency theories flashcards quizlet. This theory involves the globalization well talk about the pros and cons of globalization later, where concept and technologies, as well as the ideas and social mores are easily spread around the globe, causing a global culture that functions as a. But in broad outline, the theory focused on deficiencies. According to this theory, there is an internal link between media, audience and large social system. Modernization theory v dependency theory flashcards quizlet. The following report will attempt to analyze and critique our nations potential options concerning social and fiscal policy and use this information in an attempt to recommend future policy agenda. Dependency theory today 72 miguel angel centeno 10. Currently, modernization and dependency theories are the two worldwide accepted speculations illuminating the diversification in the economic growth of these countries. Beyond latin america chapter iii a theory of underdevelopment in sociology. The endogenous explanation is a modernization theory.1054 1090 847 1553 806 1011 1621 447 230 1205 1012 1628 876 1237 882 1423 909 445 1489 981 1348 752 851 1049 337 1477 517 1049 783 1522 851 1107 767 1224 611 1139 45 1219 1237